TODAY IN HISTORY

the Santa Fe Trail and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline

 

On November 16 in:

 

1793, French Revolution:  Ninety anti-republican Catholic priests are executed by drowning at Nantes;

 

1822, American Old West:  Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico, over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail;

 

1914, the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens;

 

1938, LSD is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofman at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland;

 

1940, New York City's "Mad Bomber" George Metesky places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison;

 

1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline. 

Fantasia and the real Amityville Horror

 

On November 13 in:

 

1553, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer and four others, including Lady Jane Grey, are accused of high treason and sentenced to death under Catholic Queen  "Bloody" Mary I;

 

1927, the Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City;

 

1940, Walt Disney's animated musical film Fantasia is first released, on the first night of a roadshow at New York's Broadway Theatre;

 

1956, The Supreme Court of the United States declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott;

 

1974, Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his entire family in Amityville, Long Island in the house that would become known as The Amityville Horror; and in

 

1982, The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.

 

The beginnings of the Marine Corps and of Windows

On November 10 in

 

1619, Rene Descartes has the dreams that inspire his Meditations on First Philosophy;

 

1775, The United States Marine Corps is founded at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia by Samuel Nicholas;

 

1865, Major Henry Wirz, the superintendant of a prison camp in Andersonville, Georgis, is hanged, becoming the only American Civil War soldier executed for war crimes;

 

1972, Southern Airlines Flight 49 from Birmingham, Alabama is hijacked and, at one point, is threatened with crashing into the nuclear installation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.  After two days, the plane lands in Havana, Cuba, where the hijackers are jailed by Fidel Castro;

 

1983, Microsoft introduces Windows 1.0; and in

 

1989, German citizens begin to bring down the Berlin Wall.

 

Land Ho for the pilgrims and Rolling Stone rolls off the presses

On November 9 in:

1620, Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts;

1888, Mary Jane Kelly is murdered in London, widely believed to be the fifth and final victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper;

1934, Carl Sagen, American astronomer, astrophysicist and cosmologist is born;

1953, Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author, dies at the age of 39; and in 

1967, the first issue of Rolling Stone Magazine is published. 

 

 

JFK becomes our 35th president and the X-ray is discovered

On November 8 in :

1519, Cortes enters Tenochitilan and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great celebration;

1847, Bram Stoker, author of Dracula, is born;

1895, While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Roentgen discovers the X-ray;

1960, John F. Kennedy defeats Richard Nixon in one of the closest presidential elections of the twentieth century to become the 35th president of the United States;

1973, The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay $2.9 million; and in

1978, American painter and illustrator Norman Rockwell dies, at the age of 84. 

Influenza virus and the Museum of Modern Art

On November 7 in

 

1837, In Alton, Ilinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time;

 

1908, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia;

 

1910, the first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse;

 

1918, the 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year;

 

1929, The Museum of Modern Art opens to the public in New York City;

 

1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America;

 

1983, a bomb explodes inside the United States Capitol.  No one is injured but an estimated $250,000 in damage is caused;

 

1991, Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA. 

Chloroform and King Tut's tomb

 

On November 4 in:

 

1783, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Sympnony No. 36 is performed for the first time in Linz, Austria;

 

1847, Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, discovers the anaesthetic properties of chloroform;

 

1922, In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings;

 

1960, At the Kasakela Chimpanzee Community in Tanzania, Dr. Jane Goodall observes chimpanzees creating tools, the first-ever observation in non-human animals;

 

1970, Genie, a 13-year-old feral child is found in Los Angeles, California having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life;

 

1973, The Netherlands experiences the first Car Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis.  Highways are deserted and are used only by cyclists and roller skaters; and in

 

1979,  a mob of Iranians, mostly students, overruns the US embassy in Tehran and takes 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).

 

Michelangelo, Othello and Annie Oakley

On November 2 in:

 

1512, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time;

 

1604, William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace inLondon;

 

1683, the British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties;

 

1765, the British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America;

 

1800, John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House);

 

1848, In Boston, MA, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens;

 

1894, Thomas Edison films American sharpshooter Annie Oakley, which is instrumental in her hiring by Buffalo Bill for his Wild West Show;

 

1897, the first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public.  The Library had been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Congress;

 

1938, Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed "the match of the century" in horse racing; and in

 

1941, American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.

 

 

 

 

Unhappy Halloween, Prime Minister

 

On October 31 in

 

1864, Nevada is admitted to the union and becomes the 36th state; in

 

1922, Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy; in

 

1941, Mount Rushmore is completed after fourteen years of work; and in 

 

 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated. Riots break out in New Delhi and across India.

The first "Jack Sparrow" and our neighbor to the north

 

 

On October 20 in:

 

1720, Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy;

 

1818, The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom. Among other things, it settles the Canada- United States border on the 49th parallel;

 

1944, Liquid natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland, then explodes. The explosion and resulting fire level thirty blocks and kill 130 people;

 

1951, the "Johnny Bright Incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma;

 

1968, former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis; and in

 

1977, Rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd's plane crashes. 

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Today in history

Birth of a Rolling Stone and a premiere of a classic


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